THE DOCTRINE OF MISTAKE IN THE LAW OF CONTRACT

mistake

Introduction to the Doctrine of Mistake

There is always a consensus ad idem (meeting of the minds) between parties that enter into a contract. What this means is that both parties to a contract are thinking of the same thing when they enter into a contract. Thus, when a party enters into a contract on a mistaken assumption of some fundamental facts, the consensus ad idem is lost. This then justifies the contract being voided for mistake.

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